Hosting the ‘Holohoax’: A Snapshot of Holocaust Denial Across Social Media

Published: 17thAugust 2020
Authors: Jakob Guhl and Jacob Davey

Holocaust denial has long been one of the most insidious conspiracy theories targeting Jewish communities, with its extremist proponents drawn from across the ideological spectrum, from extreme right-wing to hard left to Islamist. Research has shown that digital platforms have only served to amplify and mainstream this warped strain of thinking in recent years.

By analysing the term ‘holohoax’, which is commonly used by Holocaust deniers, this paper examines the extent to which Holocaust denial content is readily accessible across Facebook, Twitter, Reddit and YouTube. Although this study does not set out to provide a comprehensive overview of the phenomenon, it reveals important insights about how Facebook and Twitter provide a home to an established and active community of Holocaust deniers. While Holocaust denial is present on Reddit, our research suggests that such activity has been reduced through a combination of moderation efforts and pushback from other users. This paper also demonstrates how appropriately applied content moderation policies can be effective in denying dangerous conspiracy theorists a public platform by examining how Holocaust denial content has decreased significantly in the past year on YouTube.

MENA Monitor: Arabic COVID-19 Vaccine Misinformation Online

This report examines the nature and scale of COVID-19 vaccine mis- and disinformation among Arabic-language communities in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) on Facebook. Included is a case study analysing the output of a dubious disinformation hub that masquerades as a think tank as well as detailed findings on leading trends within vaccine misinformation communities in MENA.

COVID-19 : aperçu de la défiance anti-vaccinale sur les réseaux sociaux

La présente étude présente une analyse quantitative et qualitative de la désinformation et des théories complotistes anti-vaccins repérées dans les contenus publiquement accessibles sur Twitter et Facebook entre le 1er août 2020 et le 1er février 2021, identifie les discours principaux, événements qui alimentent des pics de discussion en ligne et les acteurs les plus actifs dans la propagation de discours anti-vaccins.