Erforschung des sich im Wandel begriffenen Online-Ökosystems: Hindernisse, Methoden und zukünftige Herausforderungen

Authors: Jakob Guhl, Oliver Marsh and Henry Tuck

Published: 11 January 2022

This report, launched in English in July 2022, is now available in German. It outlines the findings from the initial scoping phase of a project supported by a grant from Omidyar Network and launched by ISD and CASM Technology to identify online spaces used by extremist, hate and disinformation actors, and communities as they increasingly move away from mainstream social media platforms. The report outlines the key barriers posed by these platforms to researching and mitigating harmful content and behaviours, and reviews existing research methodologies and tools to address these barriers. Finally, the report presents possible future scenarios for the evolving online ecosystem, and proposes a series of initial recommendations for policy-makers, platforms and the research community.

In diesem Bericht werden die Ergebnisse der ersten Scoping-Phase eines von Omidyar Network geförderten und vom Institute for Strategic Dialogue (ISD) und CASM Technology ins Leben gerufenen Projekts vorgestellt. Ziel des Projekts ist es, Online-Räume jenseits der Mainstream-Plattformen zu identifizieren, die zunehmend von Individuen und Gemeinschaften zur Verbreitung von Extremismus, Hass und Desinformation genutzt werden, die sich von Mainstream-Plattformen entfernen. Der Bericht skizziert die wichtigsten Hindernisse, die diese Plattformen bei der Erforschung und Bekämpfung schädlicher Inhalte und Verhaltensweisen aufweisen, und identifiziert bestehende Forschungsmethoden und Tools, um diese Hindernisse zu bewältigen. Schließlich stellt er mögliche Zukunftsszenarien für das im Wandel begriffene Online-Ökosystem vor und gibt eine Reihe von Empfehlungen für politische Entscheidungsträger:innen, Plattformen und die Forschungsgemeinschaft.

Jakob Guhl is a Senior Research Manager at ISD, working within the Digital Research Unit and with ISD Germany. His research focuses on the far right, Islamist extremism, hate speech, disinformation and conspiracy theories. Jakob has been invited to present his research to the German Ministry of the Justice and provided evidence to the German Minister of the Interior on how to strengthen prevention against right-wing extremism and antisemitism.

Oliver Marsh is the founder of The Data Skills Consultancy, which supports work at the intersection of data skills and soft skills. Previously as a government official, he helped create the Rapid Response Unit in Downing Street and the UK’s post-Brexit Data Adequacy capability in DCMS. He is a Fellow of the think-tank Demos, a Policy Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering, and an Honorary Research Associate of the Science and Technology Studies Department at UCL.

Henry Tuck is the Head of Digital Policy at ISD, where he leads work on digital regulation and tech company responses to terrorism, extremism, hate and dis/ misinformation online. Henry oversees ISD’s Digital Policy Lab (DPL) programme and advisory work on key digital regulation proposals in Europe and Five Eyes countries, and collaborates with ISD’s Digital Analysis Unit to translate research into actionable digital policy recommendations.