The ‘Great Reset’

Misconceptions around the ‘Great Reset’, a World Economic Forum (WEF) initiative launched in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, have become a mainstay of conspiracy thinking in recent years.

Patriot Front

Patriot Front is a white supremacist organisation that aims to restore and reshape American society along the lines of perceived post-revolutionary traditions and virtues.

‘Climate Lockdown’

The term ‘climate lockdown’ refers to a conspiratorial narrative which claims that global elites are using climate change as a pretext to restrict individual freedoms and civil liberties.

White Genocide

The “white genocide” conspiracy theory holds that there is a deliberate plot, masterminded by the Jewish people, to erase whiteness, white culture and white civilisation.

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The ‘Groomer’ Slur

The term 'Groomer' attempts to link LGBTQ+ people to pedophilia and prevent LGBTQ+ rights being enshrined in law or taught in schools.


The Groyper movement is a loose network of white nationalist activists and internet trolls who gravitate around several key online influencers.

Die Reichsbürger Bewegung

Die Reichsbürger sind eine extremistische deutsche Bewegung, deren Ideologiedurch die gemeinsame Überzeugung geeint ist, dass die Bundesrepublik Deutschland kein legitimer, souveräner Staat ist und die vom deutschen Staat verabschiedeten Gesetze und Regeln daher nicht verbindlich sind.

The Reichsbürger Movement

The Reichsbürger movement is a German conspiracy movement similar to Sovereign Citizens, claiming that the German state is illegitimate and must be resisted.

Boogaloo Movement

The Boogaloo movement is an anti-government, anti-law enforcement extremist militia movement that believes the state places too many limitations on individual liberty, and that a second civil war is necessary to push back against these intrusions.

Sovereign Citizens

The Sovereign Citizens movement is a heterogenous anti-government ideology that originated in the US, and adherents are united in their belief that the US government illegitimately rules over them.


An Incel ("involuntary celibate") is a member of an online subculture of people whose sense of identity is forged around a perceived inability to form sexual or romantic relationships. Incel ideology is violent, rooted in the hatred of women, and forms part of what has been dubbed the “manosphere”.

The ‘Manosphere’

The “manosphere” is an umbrella term that refers to a number of interconnected misogynistic communities. This ISD Explainer explores the more extreme and divisive proponents of these online communities.

The ‘New World Order’

The 'New World Order' conspiracy theory argues that a shadowy elite force is trying to implement a totalitarian world government.


Accelerationism is an ideology focussed on the need for societal collapse to preserve the white race against threats like multiculturalism and immigration. The term is used by extremist and white supremacist groups.

The ‘Great Replacement’

The 'Great Replacement' conspiracy theory claims that Western and majority white countries are under threat from immigration and birth rates. It has inspired multiple terror attacks including the 2019 Christchurch mosque shootings.

The Order of Nine Angles

A decentralised, Satanist, neo-Nazi organization that has spread and become increasingly influential among accelerationist neo-Nazi groups in recent years.